Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment


Experiment Design

CEPEX Journal Papers*

1. Experiment Design CEPEX


2. Lubin, D., 1994: The Role of the Tropical Super Greenhouse Effect in Heating the Ocean Surface. Science, 265, 224-227. C4 #103.

3. Weaver, C.P., W.D. Collins and H. Grassl, 1994: Relationship between clear-sky atmospheric greenhouse effect and deep convection during the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment: Model calculations and satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmospheres, 99, 25891-25901. C4 #106.

4. Valero, F.P.J., W.D. Collins, P. Pilewskie, P. Flatau, and A. Bucholtz, 1996: Direct Radiometric Observations of the Water Vapor Greenhouse Effect Over the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science, accepted.

5. Lubin, D., D. Cutchin, W. Conant, H. Grassl, U. Schmid and W. Biselli, 1995: Spectral Longwave Emission in the Tropics: FTIR Measurement at the Sea Surface and Comparison with Fast Radiation Clouds. J. Climate, 8, 286-295. C4 #101

6. Inamdar, AK and V. Ramanathan, 1996: On Monitoring the Atmospheric Greenhouse Effect from Space. Tellus, in press.


7. Collins, W.D., F.P.J. Valero, P.J. Flatau, D. Lubin, H. Grassl, P. Pilewskie and J. Spinherne, 1996: Radiative effects of convection in the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmospheres, 101, 14999-15012. C4 #135.

8. Ramanathan, V., B. Subasilar, G. J. Zhang, W. Conant, R.D. Cess, J.T Kiehl, H. Grassl and L. Shi, 1995: Warm Pool Heat Budget and Shortwave Cloud Forcing: A Missing Physics? Science, 267, 499-503. C4 #112.

9. Pilewskie, P. and F.P.J. Valero, 1995: Direct Observations of Excess Solar Absorption by Clouds. Science, 267, 1626-1629.

10. Conant, W.C., V. Ramanathan, F.P.J. Valero, J. Meywerk, 1996: An Examination of the Clear-Sky Solar Absorption over the Central Equatorial Pacific: Observations Versus Models. J. Climate, accepted.

11. Lubin D, J.P. Chen, P. Pilewskie, V. Ramanathan and F.P.J. Valero, 1996: Microphysical examination of excess cloud absorption in the tropical atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 16961-16972. C4 #131

12. Collins, W.D., A. Bucholtz, P. Flatau, D. Lubin, F.P.J. Valero, and C.P. Weaver, 1996: Determination of Surface Heating by Clouds in the Central Equatorial Pacific from Surface and Satellite Measuremnets. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmospheres, submitted. C4 #163.

13. Eichinger, W.E., M.B. Parlange, and D.I. Cooper, 1995: Raman Lidar Observations of Cirrus Cloud Properties During the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment. J. Climate, submitted. Not available.


14. Kley, D., H.G.J. Smit, H. Voemel, H. Grassl, V. Ramanathan, P. Crutzen, S. Williams, J. Meywerk, and S. Oltmans, 1996: Tropospheric Water Vapor and Ozone Cross Sections in a Zonal Plane Over the Central Equatorial Pacific. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., accepted.

15. Kley, D., P.J. Crutzen, H.G.J. Smit, H. Voemel, S.J. Oltmans, H. Grassl, and V. Ramanathan, 1996: Observations of Near-Zero Ozone Concentrations Over the Convective Pacific: Effects on Air Chemistry. Science, 274, 230-233, C4 #141.

16. Lohmann, U., E. Roechner, W.D. Collins, A.J. Heymsfield, G.M. McFarquhar and T.P. Barnett, 1995: The role of water vapor and convection during the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) from observations and model simulations. J. Geophys. Res. - Atmospheres, 100, 26229-26246. C4 #146.

17. Dessler, A.E., K. Minschwaner, E.M. Weinstock, E.J. Hintsa, J.G. Anderson, and J.M. Russell III, 1996: The Effects of Tropical Cirrus Clouds on the Abundance of Lower Stratospheric Ozone. J. Atmos. Chem., 23, 209-220.

18. Voemel, H., S.J. Oltmans, D. Kley, and P.J. Crutzen, 1995: New evidence for the stratospheric dehydration mechanism in the equatorial Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 3235-3238.

19. Weinstock, E.M., E.J. Hintsa, A.E. Dessler, and J.G. Anderson, 1996: Measurements of water vapor in the tropical lower stratosphere during the CEPEX campaign: Results and interpretation. Geophys. Res. Lett., .22, 3231-3234. C4 #168.

20. Weinstock, E.M., E.J. Hintsa, A.E. Dessler, J.F. Oliver, N.L. Hazen, J.N. Demusz, N.T. Alien, L.B. Lapson, and J.G. Anderson, 1994: New fast response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and the Perseus remotely piloted aircraft. Review of Scientific Instruments, 65, 3544-3554.

21. Eichinger, W.E., D.I. Cooper, W. Cottingame, P.R. Forman, J. Griegos, M.A. Osborn, D. Richter, L.L. Tellier, and R. Thornton, 1995: The Development Of Raman Water-Vapor and Elastic Aerosol Lidars For the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment. Atmos. Oceanic Technology, submitted. Not available.


22. McFarquhar, G.M., and A. J. Heymsfield, 1996: Microphysical Characteristics of Three Anvils Sampled during the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 2401-2423. C4 #153.

23. Heymsfield, A.J. and G.M. McFarquhar, 1996: High Albedos of Cirrus in the Tropical Pacific Warm Pool - Microphysical Interpretations from CEPEX and from Kwajalein, Marshall Islands. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 2424-2451. C4 #154

24. Brown, P.R.A., A. Illingworth, A.J. Heymsfield, G.M. McFarquhar, K. Gosset, and K. Browning, 1995: The role of spaceborne millimetre-wave radar in the global monitoring of ice cloud. J. Appl. Meteor., 34, 2346-2366.

25. Jensen EJ, O.B. Toon, H.B. Selkirk, J.D. Spinhirne, and Others, 1996: On the formation and persistence of subvisible cirrus clouds near the tropical tropopause. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres, 101, 21361-21375. C4 #114

26. Heymsfield, A.J., G.M. McFarquhar, J. Goldstein, J. Spinhirne, W. Hart, F.P.J. Valero, P. Pilewskie, and W.D. Collins, 1996: Cloud microphysical properties leading to highly reflective tropical cirrus. Science, submitted.

27. McFarquhar, G.M., and A.J. Heymsfield, 1996: Parameterization of Tropical Cirrus Ice Crystal Size Distributions and Implications for Radiative Transfer: Results from CEPEX. J. Atmos. Sci., submitted.


28. Zhang, G. J. and M.J. McPhaden, 1995: The Relationship between Sea Surface Temperature and Latent Heat Flux in the Equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 8, 589-605. C4 #102.

29. Zhang, G.J., V. Ramanathan and M.J. McPhaden, 1995: Convection-Evaporation Feedback in the Equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 8, 3040-3051. C4 #130.

30. Zhang, G.J. and R.L. Grossman, 1996: Surface Evaporation During the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment: A Climate Scale Perspective. J. Climate, 9, 2522-2537. C4 #138.

31. Eichinger, W., M. Parlange, D. Cooper, and W. Cottingame,1995: Surface Flux Measurements Aboard the R.V. Vickers During the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment. J. Climate, submitted. Not available.

32. Cooper, D.I., W. Eichinger, M.V. Hynes, C.F. Keller, C.F. Lebeda and D.A. Poling,1996: High Resolution Properties of the Equatorial Pacific Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer from Lidar and Radiosonde Observations. J. of Atmos. Sci., 53, 2054-2075.

33. Serra, Y.L., D.P. Rogers, D. Hagan, C.A. Friehe, R.L. Grossman, R.A. Weller, and S. Anderson, 1996: The atmospheric boundary layer over the central and western equatorial Pacific Ocean observed during COARE and CEPEX. J. Geophys. Res., submitted.

34. Schulz, J., J. Meywerk, S. Ewald, and P. Schluessel, 1995: Evaluation of Satellite-derived Latent Heat Fluxes. J. Climate, accepted.


35. Wang, C., P.J. Crutzen, V. Ramanathan and S.F. Williams, 1995: The role of a deep convective storm over the tropical Pacific Ocean in the redistribution of atmospheric chemical species. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmospheres, 100, 11509-11,516. C4 #133.

36. Sherwood, S.C., 1996: Maintenance of the free-tropospheric tropical water vapor distribution, Part I: Clear regime budget. J. Climate, 9, 2903-2918. C4 #160

37. Sherwood, S.C., 1996: Maintenance of the free-tropospheric tropical water vapor distribution, Part II: Simulation by large-scale advection. J. Climate, 9, 2919-2934. C4 #161.

38. Boer, E and V Ramanathan, 1996: Satellite based approach for modeling clouds in GCMs. J. Geophys. Res., submitted. C4 #151

39. Zhang, G.J., J.T. Kiehl, and P.J. Rasch, 1996: Response of climate simulation to a new convective parameterization in the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate Model (CCM3). J. Climate, submitted. C4 #169.

40. Mahowald, N.M., P.J. Rasch, R.G. Prinn, 1995: Cumulus parameterization in chemical transport models. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 26173-26189.

41. Wang, J., W.D. Collins, J.T. Kiehl, G.J. Zhang, D.I. Cooper, and W.E. Eichinger, 1996: Comparison of Observed Marine Boundary Layer Structure with Simulations from the NCAR Community Climate Model CCM3. J. Climate, submitted.


42. Kuettner, J. and V. Ramanathan, 1996: Regulation of Maximum Sea Surface Temperatures: An Modulated Thermostat. J. Climate, submitted. C4 #165.

43. Sherwood, S.C., 1996: Feedbacks in a simple prognostic tropical climate model. J. Atmos. Sci., submitted

44. Flatau, M., P.J. Flatau, P. Phoebus and P.P. Niiler, 1996: The Feedback between Equatorial Convection and Local Radiative and Evaporative Processes: The Implication for Intraseasonal Oscillations. J. Atmos. Sci., submitted.

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