C4 Reports - 1994-2001

#101 Lubin D., D. Cutchin, W. Conant, H. Grassl, U. Schmid and W. Biselli. Spectral longwave emission in the tropics: FTIR measurement at the sea surface and comparison with fast radiation codes. J. Climate, 8:286-295, 1995.

#102 Zhang G. and M. McPhaden. The relationship between sea surface temperature and latent heat flux in the Equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 8:589-605, 1995.

#103 Lubin D. The role of the tropical super green-house effect in heating the ocean surface. Science, 265(5169):224-27, 1994.

#104 Pierrehumbert R. Thermostat, radiator fins and the local runaway greenhouse. J. Atmos. Sci., 52:1784-1806, 1995.

#105 Volpe C. and A. Spivack. Stable chlorine isotopic composition of marine aerosol particles in the Western Atlantic Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21:1161-64, 1994.

#106 Weaver C., W.D. Collins and H. Grassl. The relationship between clear-sky atmospheric greenhouse effect and deep convection during the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX): Model calculations and satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res., Atmospheres, 99(D12):225,891-25,901, 1994.

#107 Magenheim A., A. Spivack, C. Volpe, B. Ransom. Precise low-level determination of stable chlorine isotopic ratios in silicate and aerosol samples. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 58(14):3117-3121, 1994.

#108 Lubin, D. and A.S. Simpson. The longwave emission signature of urban pollution: radiometric FTIR measurement. Geophys. Res. Lett. 21(1):37-40, 1994.

#109 Wang C. and P.J. Crutzen. Impact of a simulated severe local storm on the redistribution of sulfur dioxide. J. Geophys. Res., Atmos., 100:11,357-11,367, 1995.

#110 Sherwood S., V. Ramanathan, T. Barnett, M. Tyree and E. Roeckner. Response of an atmospheric general circulation model to radiative forcing of tropical clouds. J. Geophys. Res., 99(D10):20,829-20,845, 1994.

#111 Ramanathan V., W.D. Collins and B. Subasilar. Comment on the paper "An inquiry into the cirrus-cloud thermostat effect for tropical sea surface temperature" by K.M. Lau, C.H. Sui, M.D. Chou and W.K. Tau. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(12):1185-86, 1994.

#112 Ramanathan V., B. Subasilar, G. Zhang, W. Conant, R. Cess, J. Kiehl, H. Grassl and L. Shi. Warm pool heat budget and shortwave cloud forcing: A missing physics? Science, 267:499-503, 1995.

#113 Chen J.P. Theory of deliquescence and modified Kšhler curves. J. Atmos. Sci., 51(23):3505-3516, 1994.

#114 Voemel,H., S.J.Oltmans, D.Kley and P.J. Crutzen. New evidence for the stratospheric dehydration mechanism in the Equatorial Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 3235-3238, 1995.

#115 Jensen E.J., S. Kinne and O.B. Toon. Tropical cirrus cloud radiative forcing: Sensitivity studies. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(18):2023-6, 1994.

#116 Chen J.P. and P.J. Crutzen. Solute effects on the evaporation of ice particles. J. Geophys. Res., 99(D9): 18,847-18,859, 1994.

#117 Collins W.D. and A.K. Inamdar. Validation of clear-sky fluxes for tropical oceans from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment. J. Climate, 8:569-578, 1995.

#118 Collins W.D., W.C. Conant and V. Ramanathan. Earth Radiation Budget, Clouds and Climate Sensitivity. In The Chemistry of the Atmosphere: Its Impact on Global Change. Ed. J.G. Calvert, (IUPAC/ Blackwell Scientific Publisher) Chapter 14, 207-15, 1994.

#119 Inamdar A.K. and V. Ramanathan. Physics of greenhouse effect and convection in warm oceans. J. Climate, 7(5):715-31, 1994.

#120 Chen J.P. Predictions of saturation ratio for cloud microphysical models. J. Atmos. Sci., 51(10):1332-38, 1994.

#121 Chen J.P. and D. Lamb. The theoretical basis for the parameterization of ice crystal habits: Growth by vapor deposition. J. Atmos. Sci., 51(9):1207-21, 1994.

#122 Chen J.P. and D. Lamb. Simulation of cloud microphysical and chemical processes using a multi-component framework. Part I: Description of the micro-physical model. J. Atmos. Sci., 51(18):2613-2630, 1994

#123 Cess R.D., M.H. Zhang, P. Minnis, L. Corsetti, E.G. Dutton, B.W. Forgan, D.P. Garber, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, E.F. Harrison, X. Jing, J.T. Kiehl, C.N. Long, J.J. Morcrette, G.L. Potter, V. Ramanathan, B. Subasilar, C.H. Whitlock, D.F. Young and Y. Zhou. Absorption of solar radiation by clouds: Observations versus models. Science, 267:496-499, 1995.

#124 Weaver C. and V. Ramanathan. Deductions from a simple climate model: Factors governing surface temperature and atmospheric thermal structure. J. Geophys. Res., Atmos., 100(D6):11,585-11,591, 1995.

#125 McFarquhar G., J.P. Chen, C. Volpe and A. Thakur. INDian Ocean EXperiment: A preliminary survey of available observations of atmospheric chemistry over the Indian Ocean region. October 1994. INDOEX Publication #1.

#126 Lelieveld J. and P.J. Crutzen. Role of deep cloud convection in the ozone budget of the troposphere. Science, 264:1759-1761, 1994.

#127 Thompson A.M., K.E. Pickering, R.R. Dickerson, W.G. Ellis Jr., et al. Convective transport over the central United States and its role in regional CO and ozone budgets. J. Geophys. Res., 99(D9):18,703-18,711, 1994.

#128 Brown P.R.A., A.J. Illingworth, A.J. Heymsfield, G.M. McFarquhar, et al. The role of spaceborne millimetre-wave radar in the global monitoring of ice cloud. J. Appl. Meteor., 34:2346-2366, 1995.

#129 McFarquhar G.M., R. List, D.R. Hudak, R.P. Nissen. Flux measurements of pulsating rain packages with disdrometers and Doppler radar made during Phase II of the Joint Tropical Rain Experiment in Penang, Malaysia. J. Appl. Meteor., 35:859-874, 1996.

#130 Zhang G.J., V. Ramanathan and M.J. McPhaden. Convection-evaporation feedback in the Equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 8:3040-3051, 1995.

#131 Lubin D., J.P. Chen, P. Pilewskie, V. Ramanathan and F.P.J. Valero. Microphysical examination of excess cloud absorption in the tropical atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 101(D12):16961-16972, 1996.

#132 Mahowald N.M., P.J. Rasch and R.G. Prinn. Cumulus parameterizations in chemical transport models. J. Geophys. Res., 100(D12): 26173-26189, 1995.

#133 Wang C., P.J. Crutzen, V. Ramanathan and S.F. Williams. The role of a deep convective storm over the tropical Pacific Ocean in the redistribution of atmospheric chemical species. J. Geophys. Res., Atmospheres, 100(D6):11,509-11,516, 1995.

#134 Kiehl J.T., J.J. Hack, M.H. Zhang and R.D. Cess. Sensitivity of a GCM climate to enhanced shortwave cloud absorption. J. Climate, 8(9):2200-2212, 1995.

#135 Collins W.D., F.P.J. Valero, P.J. Flatau, D. Lubin, H. Grassl, P. Pilewskie and J. Spinhirne. The radiative effects of convection in the Tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., Atmospheres, 101(D10:14999-15012, 1996.

#136 Zhang G.J. The sensitivity of surface energy balance to convective parameterization in a general circulation model. J. Atmos. Sci., 52:1350-1382, 1995.

#137 Kelley P., R.R. Dickerson, W.T. Luke and G.L. Kok. Rate of NO2 photolysis from the surface to 7.6 km altitude in clear-sky and clouds. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22(19):2621-2624, 1995.

#138 Zhang G.J. and R.L. Grossman. Surface evaporation during the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment: A climate scale perspective. J. Climate, 9:2522-2537, 1995.

#139 Poulida O., R.R. Dickerson, A.J. Heymsfield. Troposphere-stratosphere exchange in a mid latitude mesoscale convective complex: 1. Observations. J. Geophys. Res., 101(3):6823-6836, 1996.

#140 Zhang G.J. On the use of monthly mean data to compute surface turbulent fluxes in the Tropical Pacific. J. Climate, 8:3084-3090, 1995.

#141 Kley D., P.J. Crutzen, H.G.J. Smit, H. Voemel, S. Oltmans, H. Grassl and V. Ramanathan. Observations of near zero ozone concentrations over the convective Pacific: Effects on air chemistry. Science, 274:230-233, 1996.

#142 Boer E., W.D. Collins, R. Dirks, J. Fein, P. Flatau, R. Grossman, A.J. Heymsfield, D. Kley, J. Kuettner, D. Lubin, P. Pilewskie, R. Pinkel, V. Ramanathan, S. Sherwood, H. Smit, F.P.J. Valero, C. Weaver, S. Williams, G. Zhang. Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) - Proceedings of the CEPEX Santa Fe Workshop, September 26-30, 1994. Editor, R Dirks, published by the UCAR Office of Field Project Support, 1995.

#143 Ramanathan V., P.J. Crutzen, J. Coakley, R. Dickerson, A. Heymsfield, J. Kiehl, D. Kley, T.N. Krishnamurti, J. Kuettner, J. Lelieveld, A.P. Mitra, J. Prospero, R. Sadourny, F.P.J. Valero, E.L. Woodbridge. Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) White Paper. July 1995. INDOEX Publication #2.

#144 Crutzen P.J. and V. Ramanathan editors. Clouds, Chemistry and Climate - ASI series, March 21-25, 1995, Ringberg, Germany, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany) August 1995.

#145 Waliser D.E., W.D. Collins and S.P. Anderson. An estimate of the surface shortwave cloud forcing over the Western Pacific during TOGA COARE. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23(5):519-522, 1995.

#146 Lohmann U., E. Roeckner, W.D. Collins, A.J. Heymsfield, G.M. McFarquhar and T.P. Barnett. The role of water vapor and convection during the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) from observations and model simulations. J. Geophys. Res., Atmospheres, 100:26229-26246.1995.

#147 Conant W.C., V. Ramanathan, F.P.J. Valero and J. Meywerk. An examination of the clear-sky solar absorption over the Central Equatorial Pacific: Observations Versus Models. J. Climate, 10:1874-1884, 1997.

#148 Ramanathan V. Clouds and Climate, Buys Ballot Medal Climate Lecture 1995, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 16, 1995.

#149 Kley D., H.G.J. Herman, H. Voemel, H. Grassl, V. Ramanathan, P.J. Crutzen, S. Williams, J. Meywerk and S. Oltmans. Tropospheric water vapor and ozone cross sections in a zonal plane over the Central Equatorial Pacific. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 123:2009-2040, 1997.

#150 Inamdar A. and V. Ramanathan. On monitoring the water vapor feedback from space: demonstration with CERES instrument. Tellus, 49B: 216-230, 1997.

#151 Boer E. and V. Ramanathan. Lagrangian approach for deriving cloud charactheristics from satellite observations and its implications to cloud paramterization. J. Geophys. Res., 102(D17):21,383-21,399, 1997.

#152 Weaver C.P. and V. Ramanathan. The link between summertime cloud radiative forcing and extratropical cyclones in the N. Pacific. J. Climate, 9:2093-2109, 1996.

#153 McFarquhar G.M. and A.J. Heymsfield. Micro-physical characteristics of three anvils sampled during the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX). J. Atmos. Sci., 53(17):2401-2423, 1996.

#154 Heymsfield A.J. and G.M. McFarquhar. High albedos of cirrus in the tropical Pacific warm pool: Microphysical interpretations from CEPEX and from Kwajalein, Marshall Islands. J. Atmos. Sci., 53(17): 2424-2451, 1996.

#155 Stenchikov G., R. Dickerson, K. Pickering, W. Ellis, B. Doddridge, S. Kondragunta, O. Poulida, J. Scala and W.K. Tao. Stratosphere-troposphere exchange in a mid latitude mesoscale convective complex 2 numerical simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 101(3):6837-6851, 1996.

#156 Owens M.A. Detection of gas-phase ammonia using photothermal interferometry, Ph.D. Dissertation, Chemical Physics Program, The University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 1995.

#157 Sherwood S. The maintenance of the tropical water vapor distribution, Ph.D. Dissertation, Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 1995.

#158 Forecasting the future: Exploring evidence for global climate change. A classroom curriculum and activity guide. Education Department, Stephen Birch Aquarium-Museum in collaboration with Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD. Publisher: National Science Teachers Association, Arlington, VA, 1996.

#159 Ramanathan V., F.P.J. Valero and R.D. Cess. Excess solar absorption in cloudy atmospheres. Gewex WCRP pp. 6-7 February 1996. A response to Anomalous shortwave absorption in clouds by G. Stephens Gewex WCRP pp. 5-6 November 1995.

#160 Sherwood S. Maintenance of the free-tropospheric water vapor distribution, Part I: Clear regime budget. J. Climate 9(11):2903-2918, 1996.

#161 Sherwood S. Maintenance of the free-tropospheric water vapor distribution, Part II: Simulation by large-scale advection. J. Climate, 9(11):2919-2934, 1996.

#162 Ramanathan V., P.J. Crutzen, J.A. Coakley, A. Clarke, W.D. Collins, R. Dickerson, D. Fahey, B. Gandrud, A. Heymsfield, J.T. Kiehl, J. Kuettner, T. Krishnamurti, D. Lubin, H. Maring, J. Ogren, J. Prospero, P.J. Rasch, D. Savoie, G. Shaw, A. Tuck, F.P.J. Valero, E.L. Woodbridge and G. Zhang. Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX), A Multi-Agency Proposal for a Field Experiment in the Indian Ocean, June 1996. INDOEX Publication #3.

#163 Collins W.D., A. Bucholtz, P. Flatau, D. Lubin, F.P.J. Valero, C.P. Weaver and P. Pilewskie. Determination of surface heating by convective cloud systems in the central equatorial Pacific from surface and satellite measurements. J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos.,105(D11):14,807-14,821, June 16, 2000. #164 Collins, W. D., J. Wang, J.T. Kiehl, G.J. Zhang, D.I. Cooper, and W.E. Eichinger. Comparison of Tropical Ocean-Atmosphere Fluxes with the NCAR Community Climate Model. J. Climate, 10:3047-3058, 1997.

#165 Kuettner J. and V. Ramanathan. Regulation of maximum sea surface temperatures: An oscillating thermostat. 1996.

#166 Collins W.D. and V. Ramanathan. Observational constraints on models of tropical thermostatic regulation by ocean dynamics. 1996.

#167 Conant W.C., A.M. Vogelmann and V. Ramanathan. The unexplained solar absorption and atmospheric H2O: A direct test using clear-sky data. Tellus,Series A, 50(4), 525-533, August 1998.

#168 Weinstock E.M., E.J. Hintsa, A.E. Dessler and J.G. Anderson. Measurement of water vapor in the tropical lower stratosphere during the CEPEX campaign: Results and interpretation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22(23):3231-3234, 1995.

#169 Zhang, G.J., J.T. Kiehl, and P.J. Rasch. Response of climate simulation to a new convective parameterization in the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate Model (CCM3). J. Climate, 11:2097-2115, 1998.

#170 Weaver, C.P. and V. Ramanathan Relationships between large-scale vertical velocity, static stability, and cloud radiative forcing over northern hemisphere extratropical oceans. J. Climate, 10:2871-2887, 1997.

#171 Weaver, C.P. Dynamical and thermodynamical controls on large-scale cloud radiative forcing over northern hemisphere extratropical oceans. Ph.D. Dissertation, Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 1996.

#172 Vogelmann, A.M., V. Ramanathan, W.C. Conant and W.E. Hunter. Observational constraints on non-Lorentzian continuum effects in the near-infrared solar spectrum using ARM/ARESE data. J. Quant. Spectroc. and Rad. Transfer, 60(2):231-246, 1998.

#173 Roelofs, G.-J., J. Lelieveld, H.G.J. Smit and D. Kley Ozone production and transports int he tropical Atlantic region during the biomass burning season. J. Geophys. Res., 102(10): 637-651, 1997.

#174 Ramanathan, V. and A.M. Vogelmann. Greenhouse effect, atmospheric solar absorption and the Earth's radiation budget: From the Arrhenius/Langley era to the 1990s. AMBIO, 26(1):38-46, 1997.

#175 Coakley, J.A., Jr., P.A. Durkee, K. Nielsen, J.P. Taylor, S. Platnick, B.A. Albrecht, D. Babb, F.-L. Chang, W.R. Tahnk, C.S. Bretherton, and P.V. Hobbs. The appearance and disappearnce of ship tracks on large spatial scales. J. Atmos. Sci.,57(16):2765-2778, August 15, 2000.

#176 Rasch, P.J., N.M. Mahowald and B.E. Eaton. Representations of convection and the hydrologic cycle in offline transport model. Implications for the modeling of short lived and soluble species. J. Geophys. Res., 102(D23):28,127-28,138, 1997.

#177 N.M. Mahowald, P.J. Rasch, B.E. Eaton, S. Whittlestone and R.G. Prinn: Transport of 222-Radon to the remote troposphere using the Model of Atmospheric Transport and Chemistry and assimilated winds from ECMWF and the National Center for Environmental Predicition/NCAR. J. Geophys. Res., 102(D23)28,139-28,151, 1997.

#178 Bendak, G. B. The development of algorithms for variable rate vector quantization in image compression. Masters Thesis, Electrical Engineering, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. 1996

#179 Rhoads, K.P., P. Kelley, R. Dickerson, T. Carsey, M. Farmer, D. Savoie, J. Prospero. The composition of the Troposphere over the Indian Ocean during the Monsoonal Transition. J. Geophys. Res., 102(15): 18981-18995, 1997. INDOEX Publication #4.

#180 Jayaraman, A., D. Lubin, S. Ramachandran, V. Ramanathan, E. Woodbridge, W. Collins and K.S. Zalpuri. Direct Observations of Aerosol Radiative Forcing Over the Tropical Indian Ocean during the Jan-Feb 1996 Pre-INDOEX Cruise. J. Geophys. Res., 103(D12) 13827-13836, 1998. INDOEX Publication #5.

#181 Krishnamurti, T.N., B. Jha, P.J. Rasch and V. Ramanathan. A High Resolution Global Reanalysis Highlighting the Winter Monsoon. Accepted. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 64:123-150, 1997. INDOEX Publication #6.

#182 Chen, J-P, G.M. McFarquhar, A.J. Heymsfield and V. Ramanathan. A Modeling and Observational Study of the Detailed Microphysical Structure of Tropical Cirrus Anvils. J. Geophys. Res, 102(D6): 6637-6653, 1997.

#183 Weaver, C.P. and V. Ramanathan. Extratropical Cloud Systems and Cloud Radiative Forcing. In: Invited Contributions to the Proceedings of the Royal National Academy of Arts and Science Boundary Layer Colloquium. Elsevier. Published March, 1998.

#184 Weaver, C.P., W.D. Collins, A. Heymsfield, A. Inamdar and G. Zhang. Report of ad hoc Committee on CEPEX Soundings. October, 1997.

#185 Dickerson, R.R., S. Kondragunta, G. Stenchikov, K.L. Civerolo, B.G. Doddridge and B. Holben. The Impact of Aerosols on Solar UV Radiation and Photochemical Smog. Science 278(5339): 827-830, 1997.

#186 Krishnamurti, T.N.,B. Jha, J.M. Prospero, A. Jayaraman and V. Ramanathan. Aerosol and Pollutant Transport over the Tropical Indian Ocean during the 1996 Northeast Monsoon and the Impact on Radiative Forcing. Tellus, 50B(5), 521-542, 1998. INDOEX Publication #9.

#187 Ramanathan, V. Trace Gas Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming - Underlying Principles and Outstanding Issues (Volvo Environment Price Lecture-1997). Ambio 27(3): 187-197, 1998.

#188 Inamdar, A.K., and V. Ramanathan. Tropical and Global Scale Interactions Among Water Vapor, Atmospheric Greenhouse Effect and Surface Temperature. J. Geophys. Res. (EOS Special Edition) 103, 32177-32194, 1998.

#189 Podgorny, I.A., A.M. Vogelmann and V. Ramanathan. Effects of Cloud Shade and Water Vapor Distribution on Solar Absorption in the Near Infrared, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(11). 1899-1902, 1998.

#190 Trautmann, T., I. Podgorny, J. Landgraf and P.J. Crutzen. Actinic Fluxes and Photodissociation Coefficients in Cloud Fields Embedded in Realistic Atmospheres. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.,104(D23):30,173-30,192, December 20, 1999. 1999.

#191 Lawrence, M.G., P.J. Crutzen and P.J. Rasch. Analysis of the CEPEX Ozone Data Using a 3D Chemistry-Meteorology Model. Quart. J. Royal Met. Soc.,125, 2987-3009, 1999.

#192 de Laat, A.T.J., M. Zachariasse, G.J. Roelofs, P. van Velthoven, R.R. Dickerson, K.P. Rhoads, S.J. Oltmans and J. Lelieveld. Tropospheric O3 Distribution over the Indian Ocean during Spring 1995 Evaluated with a Chemistry-Climate Model. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.,104(D11):13,881-13,893, June 20, 1999. INDOEX Publication #27.

#193 Dickerson, R.R., K.P. Rhoads, T.P. Carsey, S.J. Oltmans, J.P. Burrows and P.J. Crutzen. Ozone in the Remote Marine Boundary Layer: A Possible Role for Halogens. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.,104(D17):21,385-21,395, September 20, 1999. INDOEX Publication #34.

#194 Owens, M.A., C.C. Davis and R.R. Dickerson. A New Photothermal Interferometer for Gas-Phase Ammonia Detection. Anal. Chem. 71(7) 1391-1399, 1999

#195 Rhoads, K.P. The Influence of Continental Emissions of the Composition of the Remote Marine Boundary Layer, Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Chemistry, The University of Maryland. 228 pp. 1998.

#196 Weaver, C.P. The interactions among cyclone dynamics, vertical thermodynamic structure, and cloud radiative forcing in the North Atlantic summertime storm track. J. Climate, 12(8,2):2625-2642, August 1999.

#197 Chang, F-L. Properties of Low-Level Marine Clouds as Deduced from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Satellite Observations. Ph.D. Thesis, Oregon State University, 335 pp., 1997.

#198 Li-Jones, X. What has been Learned from INDOEX? Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate, June, 1998. INDOEX Publication #17

#199 Volpe, C., M. Wahlen, A.A.P. Pszeny, A.J. Spivack. Chlorine Isotopic Composition of Marine Aerosols: Implications for Release of Reactive Chlorine and HC1 Cycling Rates. Geophys. Res. Lett.,25(20):3831-3834, October 15, 1998.

#200 Volpe C. Ph.D. Thesis. University of California, San Diego. June 1998.

#201 Nguyen, H.V., S.M. Bhandari, A. Jayaraman, V. Ramanathan, S.T. Rupert, G. Viswanathan, S.F. Williams and K.S. Zalpuri. INDOEX: 1998 First Field Phase, Operations Summary, INDOEX International Project Office, August 1998. INDOEX Publication #19

#202 Sherwood, S.C. Feedbacks in a simple prognostic tropical climate model. J. Atmos. Sci.,56(13):2,178-2,200, July 1, 1999.

#203 Hamolsky, M. An Emerging Form: Investigations into Online Teacher Training in the Environmental Sciences. Submitted to Harvard Educational Review, 1998.

#204 Kley, D., H.G.J. Smit and V. Ramanathan. Regulation of Deep Convection through Advection and Entrainment of Subtropical Upper Tropospheric Air. 23rd Hurricanes and Tropical and Meteorology Conference; 79th American Meteorological Society Meeting. January 1998.

#205 Meywerk, J. and V. Ramanathan. Observations of the Spectral Clear-Sky Aerosol Forcing over the Tropical Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res.,104(D20):24,359-24,370, October 27, 1999. INDOEX Publication #22

#206 Roca, R. and V. Ramanathan. Scale Dependence of Monsoonal Convective Systems over the Indian Ocean. J. Climate,13:1286-1298, 2000. INDOEX Publiation #23

#207 Satheesh, S.K., V. Ramanathan, X. Li-Jones, J.M. Lobert, I.A. Podgorny, J.M. Prospero, B.N. Holben and N.G. Loeb. A Model for the Natural and Anthropogenic Aerosols over the Tropical Indian Ocean Derived from the Indian Ocean Experiment Data. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.,104(D22):27,421-27,440, November 27, 1999. INDOEX Publication #24

#208 Podgorny, I.A., W. Conant, V. Ramanathan and S.K. Satheesh. Aerosol Modulation of Atmospheric and Surface Solar Heating over the Tropical Indian Ocean. Tellus,52B(3):947-958, 2000. INDOEX Publication #26

#209 Conant, W.C. An observational approach for determining aerosol surface radiative forcing: Results from first field phase of INDOEX. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.,105(D12):15,347-15360, 2000. INDOEX Publication #30

#210 Hamolsky, M. Science in Museums and Zoos. Science Matters. 6(2): 8-11, 1999.

#211 Hamolsky, M. Can a Fish Drown? Studentsı Questions Answered by Scientists. Science Matters. 6(2): 22-5, 1999.

#212 Rajeev, K., V. Ramanathan and J. Meywerk. Regional Aerosol Distribution and its Long Range Transport over the Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.,105(D2):2029-2043, Jnuary 27, 2000. INDOEX Publication #28.

#213 Lawrence, M.G., P.J. Crutzen, P.J. Rasch, B.E. Eaton and N.M. Mahowald. A Model for Studies of Tropospheric Photochemistry: Description, Global Distributions and Evaluation. J. Geophys Res.-Atmos.,104, 26,245-26,678, 1999.

#214 Lawrence, M.G. Evaluating trace gas sampling strategies with assistance from photochemical models: case studies for CEPEX and NARE O3 profiles. Submitted, Tellus, January 2000.

#215 de Laat, A.T.J., and J. Lelieveld. Diurnal Ozone Cycle in the Tropical and Subtropical Marine Boundary Layer. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.,105(D9):11,547-11,559, May 16, 2000. INDOEX Publication #31

#216 Tahnk, W.R. and J.A. Coakley, Jr. Improved calibration coefficients for NOAA-14 AVHRR visible and near-ir channels. In press, Int. J. Remote Sens., June 2000. INDOEX Publication #32.

Note: Bolded type refers to C4 Scientists
Publication page
Last Updated: February 14, 2001