A semi-official, informal news brief from the NSF Center for Clouds,
Chemistry and Climate (C4).

This is your newsletter. Contributions are needed and always welcome!
Please send yours to H. Nguyen at hnguyen@ucsd.edu

November 1997


The ORV Sagar Kanya will chart another Pre-INDOEX cruise from February
17-March 30, 1998. The National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi, the
National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, and C4/SIO, San Diego, are
coordinating this expedition which will depart from and return to Marmugoa,
India. Ports of call include Male, Republic of Maldives and Pt. Louis,
Mauritius. Below is a list of the U.S. scientists and instruments involved
in this cruise.

Dr. D. Lubin, Dr. J. Meywerk, B. Conant, Prof. V. Ramanathan,
Scripps Instiution of Oceanography/University of California, San Diego
    Biospherical Instrument GUV-531 Radiometer
    Eppley Laboratory PSP Pyranometer
    Eppley Laboratory PSP Near-Infrared Pyranometer
    ASD Field Spectroradiometer
    Microtops Photometer
    Weather Station Instruments

Dr. M. Thiemens and C. Lee, Chemistry and Biochemistry,UCSD
    Sierra High Volume Aerosol Sampler (sulfates isostopes)

Dr. S. Rowland and Dr. D. Blake, University of California, Irvine
    Trace Gas Sampling Canisters

Dr. G. Shaw and W. Cantrell, University of Alaska
    CCN Spectrometer

Dr. J. Prospero, University of Miami
    Aerosol Impactor

Dr. A. Heymsfield, Dr. S. Williams, National Center for Atmospheric Research;
Prof. V. Ramanathan, C4/SIO; and Dr. S. Raman, North Carolina State University
    Vaisala Sondes


Please visit http://www-indoex.ucsd.edu/observatory/ for updated
information on the INDOEX surface observation site in the Republic of
Maldives. The cornerstone for this site, the Kaashidhoo Climate
Observatory (KCO), will be placed on December 2, 1997. It is estimated
that instruments will be placed at KCO beginning January 15, 1998, and KCO
will be fully operational on February 1, 1998.


USA Today's science section featured INDOEX in "Testing the Air Up There."
This article by Tim Friend in September 9, 1997's edition begins:
   "Air pollution generated by emerging industrialized countries may be
   cooling the climates of those regions and having global impact comparable
   in size to greenhouse-effect warming."
Friend also comments:
   "The data from the Indian Ocean Experiment, which will be collected over the
   next two years, will influence global environmental policy for decades."


Dr. Syukuro Manabe and Dr. Veerabhadran Ramanathan were awarded the Volvo
Environment Prize at a ceremony in Brussels on October 21, 1997. Below are
excerpts from the Volvo Press release of August 27, 1997:

"The 1997 Volvo Environment Prize has been awarded jointly to Dr. Manabe
and Dr. Ramanathan for their pioneering work related to the greenhouse
effect. Their research, of outstanding importance to humanity, has
concentrated on how to predict the nature of future changes in the world

Dr. Manabe, during the past three decades, has played the leading role in
the development of mathematical models, breaking new ground in climate
research. Using these models, he was the first to explore the effects on
climate of an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide from fossil fuel

Thanks to the achievements of Dr. Ramanathan it has been possible to
understand the critical energy-distributing role of clouds and water vapour
in the climate system. His pioneering work showed that the warming effect
of carbon dioxide was almost equaled by the combined warming effect of the
other greenhouse gases (methane, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbons and ozone).

In its citation for the 1997 Volvo Environment Prize the Prize Committee

'The findings of Dr. Manabe and Dr. Ramanathan are complementary. When
combined, they create a powerful understanding of the factors determining
the climate change, thus laying strong foundations to formulate action
plans for urgent implementation.'

The Volvo Environment Prize was instituted in 1988 to promote research and
development across the environmental spectrum." It was awarded for the
eighth time.


Congratulations to Dr. Bruce Gandrud of the National Center for Atmospheric
Research, Boulder, and Dr. S. M. Bhandari of the Space Applications Centre,
Ahmedabad, who have graciously accepted appointments from the INDOEX
International Steering Committee as Project Director and Associate Project
Director of INDOEX, respectively.

Dr. Daniel Shalit is a graduate of Boston University in physics and a
former postdoctoral researcher with MIT's Center for Meteorology and
Physical Oceanography. He recently joined C4 as a programmer analyst on
the Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement project.


"Aerosol chemical and radiative properties in the tropical Atlantic trade
wind: The importance of African mineral dust", presented by Dr. Xu Li from the
University of Miami, November 21, 1997.

Dr. Dominique Martin-Rovet, Director of Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique
du CNRS's office in Washington, D.C., and Dr. M. Charpentier who is also
with LMD will visit C4 on December 8 and 9, 1997.